Wednesday, January 18, 2017

Easy Njira kulima mankhwala zomera Pala

Nutmeg kulima ndi kulima nutmeg http://slosa.blogspot.com/2016/03/cara-menanam-dan-budidaya-pala.html ambiri olemera alimi Indodnesia mu munthu aliyense payekha ndi imayendetsedwa ndi kampani, chifukwa kufunika mkulu wa nutmeg kwa zosowa za dziko ndi kunja, chomera wokongola kwambiri mabizinezi, makamaka m'mayiko a agribusiness ,

Komanso zomera nutmeg mukhoza kukhala moyo komanso m'dera ndi kutentha 20 mpaka 30 digiri Celsius. 50 80 peresenti chinyezi, ndi mvula ya mamilimita 2,000 3,500 pa chaka ndi zabwino kwambiri ngati malo kulima nutmeg.

Nutmeg n'kumasangalala mu malo amene adzalandira dzuwa kokwanira. makhalidwe omwe atchulidwa pamwambapa ilipo m'chipululu cha Indonesia. No nutmeg zodabwitsa akhoza kukula bwino mu Asia Southeast makamaka Indonesia.

kulima Pala
Terms Kukula
Tropis.Syarat kukula optimally m'dera limakula.
Abwino limakula pamalo okwera mamita 0-900 pamwamba pa nyanja.
Kandalama lotayirira dothi la mchenga loam, clayey loam ndi wolemera mu organic.
Mvula 1500-3000 mamilimita / chaka.
Mulingo woyenera mpweya kutentha 20˚C-25˚C.
Chinyezi 55-60%.
Nthaka acidity (pH) abwino osiyanasiyana pakati 6.5-7.5.

The nutmeg chomera amakhudzidwa waterlogging (kudetsa), chifukwa madzi patsogolo zingachititse kungokhala pamodzimodzi zomera zikule ndi atengeke muzu zowola. Choncho, mbewu nutmeg adzayenerera tofografinya nakulitsa m'madera amene si lathyathyathya (wavy) ndi ngalande wabwino.

kuteteza mitengo

Mu kulima nutmeg, kuphimba mbewu mphepo ayenera mokwanira. amagwiritsa ntchito zina mitengo mthunzi ndi kuteteza mbewu dzuwa kwambiri, makamaka pamene zomera adakali muda.Yang tisaiwale, pa nthawi mbewu wakhala zaka 4-5, mbewu nutmeg kale amafuna kwambiri dzuwa osabala. Choncho motetezedwa mtengo kupatulira kuchitika, izo N'kofunika kupewa kukula nthenda kuti chimafikira m'mwamba ndi kupewa mpikisano mu kungolandira zakudya pakati pa mbewu nutmeg ndi osagwirizana pelindung.Pohon mtetezi wabwino ndi mtengo amene masamba si wandiweyani kwambiri ndi kugonjetsedwa mphepo iwombela ngati mtengo wa kanjedza, duku, rambutan ndi mtundu wa mitengo ya zipatso zina.

Kodi kudzala
Pakuti dothi zimene anabzala, kuchotsa m'tchire ndi yodula mitengo zichitike mu nyengo ya chilimwe, izi ndi kuletsa mofulumira kukula mmbuyo belukar.Pengolahan chitsamba dziko anafuna kuti tithe kumvetsa kumasulira nthaka, menciptakanareal ndi lokhala ndi mpweya wokwanira (makope mpweya) komanso kuyeretsa mizu ndi chomera zinyalala. Pakuti madera mumbali, ayenera kukhala pakhonde-terusuntuk kuteteza kukokololoka.


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