Thursday, January 5, 2017

Easy Njira Kukula Chimanga Kubzala Choona

Maize (Zea mays ssp. Mays) http://slosa.blogspot.com/2016/04/cara-menanam-jagung-yang-benar.html  ndi chimodzi mwa kutsogolera mbewu chakudya chakudya chofunika kwambiri mu dziko, ena kuposa tirigu ndi mpunga. Kwa anthu a ku Central America South, chimanga tirigu ndi chakudya chakudya, monga kwa anthu ambiri a mu Africa ndi madera ena mu Indonesia. Panthawi imeneyi, chimanga komanso chofunika kwambiri kuti chakudya nyama. Ntchito ina ndi monga gwero la mafuta ndi zipangizo zofunika ufa edible chimanga. mankhwala tochokera zokolola za chimanga zipangizo za mankhwala osiyanasiyana mafakitale

Kawirikawiri palibe-tillage njira yabwino kuchitidwa mu paddy munda, masamba ndi mpunga akhala kulembedwa mu zokolola. Ungagwiritsidwe ntchito rainfed ndi yothiriridwa mpunga luso akufuna kukhazikitsa kasinthasintha mbewu. Udzu mbewu mpunga kale ndi zothandiza ngati kuphimbira kubzala chimanga.

Terms nyengo
zomera chimanga chakula nkhalango nthaka ndi boma-lotentha
zomera chimanga kuti zigwirizane ndi dera kukula zachilengedwe
Okwera pakati 0-1300 mamita chinenero chamanja
The kutentha 13 -38 digiri Celsius
Pamene kukula, chimanga amafuna akadakwanitsira kutentha kwa madigiri 23-27 Celsius (kutentha si nkhani kwa kukula kwa chimanga)
The mvula akadakwanitsira 100 mamilimita 125 mamilimita pamwezi
Pakuti kukula ndi kupanga chimanga amafuna zonse dzuwa padzuwa.

Kubzala chimanga (Zea mays L) ambiri anachita dilahan zouma (moor) ndi dziko zamchere (paddy). mbewu ya tirigu mu youma ndi chaola dongosolo abwino cropping pa derah m'deralo. Pamene peneneman chimanga m'minda paddy ambiri anachita timizere kemrau nyengo mpunga mbewu pambuyo yokolola. The mbewu chimanga ali kusinthasintha wabwino kwa mitundu angapo dothi. Land malo kukula zomera chimanga ayenera kukhala zokwanira zili michere.

tillage
a. Yokonza udzu kuphimbira
Zofunika njira kukonzekera ndi kuchotsa dziko. Woyera udzu ena zokolola m'dziko ndi akuigwiritsa kapena akuigwiritsa. Ndiye kuwaza wogawana pamwamba pa dziko. Udzu kuphimbira ndi zothandiza ngati chophimbira pansi.
b. khwekhwe ngalande
Konzani ngalande pa dziko limene ntchito. Ngalande wapangidwa ndi owongoka mzere mtunda pakati pa zigawo pafupifupi 2 mamita. N'cholinga ngalande zimenezi pochotsa madzi owonjezera, chifukwa palibe tillage nthaka, monga kukwezedwa kwa mabedi anakweza. Musalole nthaka madzi.
c. Kupalira
Namsongole kukhala chinthu ovutitsa mu palibe mpaka njira. Pamene laha ife ntchito inamera namsongole ayenera kutsatira Kupalira ndi herbicides. Ngati namsongole kwambiri kwambiri, ntchito herbicide zokhudza zonse zimene kupha namsongole muzu. Chonde ntchito herbicide zopangidwa kuti zigwirizane ndi zosowa zanu (ife sananene mtundu) ndi ntchito mogwirizana ndi mlingo analimbikitsa.

Mofananamo, njira yoyenera kukula chimanga, zikhonza kukhala zothandiza kwa tonsefe inde, zikomo.


No comments:

Post a Comment